15 Orang Sukses di Dunia Ternyata Memiliki Kepribadian Pendiam dan Punya Ide Diluar Logika

mark zuckerberg

Rodaberputar.com-Banyak orang bilang seseorang yang pediam  (introvert) itu tidak akan bisa berkembang, mereka hanya sibuk dengan hayalan sendiri. Persepsi mengenai introvert sebagai seseorang yang pemalu dan suka menyendiri ini sebenarnya salah.

Para ahli kepribadian introvert mengatakan bahwa seseorang yang pemalu sebenarnya sama seperti orang ekstrovert. Hanya saja ia tidak suka banyak berbicara dan sering membutuhkan waktunya sendiri.

Malignant mesothelioma, similar to many other types of cancers, is caused when the body’s DNA is damaged. DNA damage occurs in mesothelioma victims when they are exposed to asbestos over a long period of time, typically at job sites that used asbestos-containing products or by using household products for extended periods that contained asbestos. In rare instances, some victims may have developed mesothelioma after short-term exposure to asbestos, but in the majority of cases, victims were exposed to large amounts asbestos for extended periods of time. Unlike many cancers, mesothelioma does not have a large number of causes. One of its alternate names is asbestos cancer because its primary cause is long term exposure to asbestos. There is evidence, however, that asbestos is not the only cause even though it leads as the #1 reason victims get the disease. If you or a loved one suffer from mesothelioma, asbestos-related lung cancer, or asbestosis, you may qualify for substantial compensation. Currently, there is over $30 billion in asbestos trust funds, awaiting those who’ve been diagnosed with an asbestos illness. Fill out our form to get a free Financial Compensation Packet. You’ll learn about the top mesothelioma lawyers in your area, how to get paid in 90 days, how to file a claim for the asbestos trust funds, and more. Primary Cause of Mesothelioma: Asbestos Exposure As previously mentioned, mesothelioma is primarily caused by prolonged exposure to asbestos. Prior to the 1980s, many homes, buildings, work sites, and materials were built using asbestos because of its positive properties: heat and fire resistance. After extensive research and investigations determined that asbestos is extremely harmful to people, the majority of businesses and manufacturers stopped using it. However, this was decades after a massive amount of individuals had already been exposed. In other instances, even though it was determined that asbestos was dangerous, several businesses continued to use it as their profits would have seriously suffered had it been eliminated. In 2009, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) confirmed the investigations and findings, and released a statement that informer the public that the primary cause of mesothelioma is asbestos exposure. In addition, the statement reported that workers who were around asbestos on a daily basis run the highest risk of getting mesothelioma. The most common work sites associated with using asbestos include factories, plants, steel mills, schools, asbestos mines, and asbestos processing plants. Yet, people at home are also at risk, especially if they live in an area close to a natural-occurring asbestos deposit site. Two other studies performed in 2010 by the Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation and the Cancer Institute revealed again, that the main cause of mesothelioma is via asbestos exposure. However, it usually takes a hefty amount of asbestos exposure before a victim contracts mesothelioma. Once the fibers enter into the system, it’s almost impossible for the body to expel them. The fibers then begin to attack the mesothelium which in turn causes lesions to form. Over time, cells in the damaged tissue become cancerous and form tumors. It can then take up to 50 years for the first symptoms of mesothelioma to surface. How Asbestos Attacks the Body People are exposed to asbestos by inhaling the fine fibers that the mineral produces. These fibers then get lodged in the lungs. Asbestos can also be unknowingly swallowed, and the fibers make their way down to the abdominal area. Unfortunately, once asbestos fibers are in the body, as previously mentioned, it’s almost impossible to remove them all. As time moves on, these fibers can cause significant damage to the body, which can lead to mesothelioma. Although scientists and physicians are still trying to determine exactly why asbestos fibers cause cancer, there are several theories that are currently being researched: Changes in Genetics: Asbestos can disrupt mesothelial cells, which are naturally-occurring cells in the body. This in turn hinders the functions of the cells, which can lead to cancer. Inflammation of Cells: When the body’s cells become irritated, inflammation and scarring occur. Consequently, it leads to cell damage and cancer. Free Radicals: Asbestos produces free radicals in the body. Once this happens, DNA can become damaged, which leads to cancer. Oncoproteins Growth: When asbestos is in the body, cells begin producing oncoproteins. Oncoproteins hinders normal cell production, which can consequently lead to cancer. Secondary Cause of Mesothelioma: Drug Interactions Some mesothelioma patients have not been exposed to asbestos. Researchers have found links between a drug called Thorotrast and mesothelioma. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), patients administered the drug are at an elevated risk of developing lung carcinoma and mesothelioma. Thorotrast is a mixture of particles that was used primarily in the 1930s and 1940s when performing x-ray imaging. It helped physician produce high quality images, yet unfortunately, the particles remain in the human body. In addition, Simian Virus 40 (SV40), has been linked to mesothelioma. SV40 is a virus that was found in a few species of monkeys and later found in Polio vaccinations. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 90 million Americans received a Polio vaccination between 1955 through 1963. It was during this time period that the Polio vaccine was contaminated with SV40. Although humans typically aren’t susceptible to mesothelioma after getting the vaccine, studies have shown that at least 40 patients with mesothelioma also have traces of SV40. More research needs to be done in order to understand how this happens. Erionite Another possible cause of mesothelioma is exposure to erionite. Though much less common than asbestos exposure, erionite is similar to asbestos in that both are naturally-occurring minerals that are harmful when ingested or inhaled. Furthermore, erionite has been shown to mimic the same process of development as asbestos-related cancers, taking up to 50 years for the first symptoms to appear. The biggest difference, however, is that erionite is inhaled and ingested primarily through the environment and not in the workplace. Studies have also shown that erionite poses a higher risk of victims developing mesothelioma and other types of lung cancers when compared to asbestos. Mesothelioma also develops more quickly and with less exposure to erionite as opposed to asbestos. Erionite can be sometimes found in volcanic ashes that have been modified via weather changes and water. In some rare instances, erionite has been found in water purification systems and softeners. Usually however, erionite is found in natural deposit sites. There are known erionite deposits throughout the world, including: Russia Japan Germany Turkey Kenya Italy In the United States, erionite deposits can be found in: North Dakota Wyoming Arizona Oregon Nevada California Utah Turkey yields the highest amount of erionite. In fact, in the village of Tuzkoy, there is an extremely high amount of malignant mesothelioma victims because of the naturally-occurring yet excessive amount of erionite deposits surrounding the area. Several of the village people use erionite as food storage which further exposes them to risk. In the United States, scientists are still studying the adverse effects of erionite, particularly in North Dakota. When compared to asbestos, there currently is little information regarding the health risks of erionite. Genetics Although extremely rare, some experts have suggested that certain people may be predisposed genetically to mesothelioma. In fact, a research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NHI) found a specific mutation gene called the BAP1, that makes the carriers of the gene at great risk for developing both mesothelioma and melanoma of the eyes. These people are also at a much higher risk of developing an asbestos-related disease if they are ever exposed to the mineral. In addition, people with BAP1 are also at risk for developing different kinds of cancers such as breast, ovarian, pancreatic, and renal. Regardless of the way someone contracts mesothelioma, the symptoms are almost always the same. Keep in mind, though, that some people may exhibit more symptoms than others, and it typically takes decades for the even the most common symptoms of mesothelioma to surface. Typical symptoms include: Chest pain that can fluctuate from minor to severe Fluid buildup in the lungs Difficulty swallowing and pain when attempting to swallow Overwhelming sense of fatigue and lethargy Nausea and vomiting Unexplained weight loss Dyspnea (shortness of breath) Dry coughing, wheezing, and/or hacking Pleural effusions Less Common but More Serious Symptoms Lung Collapsing Coughing up blood Nerve damage in the arms Blood clots on the hands and arms Horner’s Syndrome (rare condition that affects the nerves in the eyes and face) Getting Legal Help If you’ve been injured by mesothelioma, asbestos-related lung cancer, or asbestosis, keep in mind that there is a good chance that you’ll qualify for considerable compensation. Don’t forget to fill out our form to get our free Financial Compensation Packet, filled with information on the leading asbestos and mesothelioma attorneys in your area. If you have questions or need additional assistance, contact us at 800-793-4540.

Bahkan sebagian orang-orang terkenal dan telah membuat pencapaian luar biasa dalam hidupnya adalah sosok yang introvert.

Mengutip laman Businessinsider, Selasa, 28 Juli 2015, berikut 15 orang dengan kepribadian introvert yang sukses dalam sejarah peradaban manusia:

1. Albert Einstein

Ahli teori fisika yang penemuan-penemuannya menjadi dasar ilmu pengetahuan modern sekarang ini mampu memperlihatkan sisi lain dari sosok introvert. Ia pernah mengatakan sebuah kata-kata mutiara yang berbunyi berikut: ” Suasana sepi dan monoton dari kehidupan yang tenang merupakan kunci dari pemikiran yang kreatif.” Einstein menerima Hadiah Nobel untuk Fisika pada tahun 1921 dan paling dikenang sebagai bapak pendiri teori relativitas.

2. Bill Gates

Pendiri Microsoft, filantropis, dan orang terkaya di dunia, pernah ditanya bagaimana agar berhasil dalam dunia yang didominasi oleh ekstrovert.

” Yah, saya pikir introvert bisa melakukan segalanya dengan cukup baik. Jika Anda pintar Anda dapat belajar untuk mendapatkan manfaat menjadi seorang introvert, yang mungkin, katakanlah, bersedia untuk pergi selama beberapa hari dan berpikir tentang masalah yang sulit, membaca segala sesuatu yang Anda bisa, mendorong diri sendiri dengan keras agar bisa keluar dari area itu (introvert). Kemudian, jika Anda datang dengan sesuatu, jika Anda ingin mempekerjakan orang-orang, membuat mereka bersemangat, membangun sebuah perusahaan dengan ide Anda, Anda lebih baik belajar dari apa yang dilakukan ekstrovert, Anda lebih baik menyewa beberapa ekstrovert, seperti Steve Ballmer yang saya klaim sebagai ekstrovert, dan memanfaatkan kedua fitur (introvert dan ekstrovert) dalam rangka untuk memiliki sebuah perusahaan yang tumbuh subur, baik dalam berpikir dan membangun tim, serta keluar ke dunia untuk menjual ide-ide.”

3. Steven Spielberg

Bahkan salah satu tokoh yang paling sukses, kaya, dan berpengaruh di Hollywood adalah seorang introvert. Sutradara dan produser Steven Spielberg telah mengakui bahwa dia seorang introvert dan lebih memilih tersesat ke dalam film.

4. Isaac Newton

Salah satu tokoh yang paling penting dalam ilmu pengetahuan, buku Principia-nya merumuskan hukum gerak dan gravitasi universal. Isaac Newton dikenal sebagai ” karakter sangat tertutup dan sangat melindungi privasinya.”

5. Eleanor Roosevelt

Meskipun dia seorang individu pemalu dan berkepribadian tertutup, Eleanor Roosevelt ” adalah seorang wanita yang memberi 348 konferensi pers sebagai First Lady, adalah delegasi PBB, seorang aktivis hak asasi manusia, guru, dan dosen yang rata-rata telah memberi 150 ceramah setahun di sepanjang 1950-an.”

6. Mark Zuckerberg

Dia adalah pendiri dan CEO dari jaringan sosial yang introvert klasik. Bahkan, COO Facebook Sheryl Sandberg mengatakan kepada New York Times pada tahun 2010, ” Dia pemalu dan tertutup, dan ia sering tidak terlihat sangat hangat bagi orang-orang yang tidak mengenalnya, tapi dia hangat.” Sandberg menambahkan, ” Dia benar-benar peduli tentang orang-orang yang bekerja di sini (Facebook).”

7. Larry Page

Salah satu pendiri Google, Larry Page menjadi CEO mesin pencari pada tahun 2011. Banyak yang percaya bahwa Page adalah pilihan yang aneh-untuk CEO karena dia ” secara pribadi tertutup, agak kikuk, dan introvert.”

8. Marissa Mayer

CEO Yahoo! saat ini mungkin menjadi sosok terkenal, namun Mayer masih percaya pada model kepemimpinan yang tenang dan mengakui bahwa, ‘aku hanya seorang yang kikuk dan pemalu, dan aku suka menulis kode …’

9. JK Rowling

Pencipta karakter Harry Potter ini terkenal sebagai sosok yang introvert. Dia punya ide karakter Harry Potter saat bepergian dari Manchester ke London. ” Saya sering menulis sejak usia enam tapi saya belum pernah begitu bersemangat tentang ide sebelumnya. Frustrasi terbesar saya, saya tidak memiliki pena dan saya terlalu malu untuk bertanya meski itu untuk meminjam pena … ”

10. Warren Buffett

Warren Edward Buffett, adalah investor, triliuner dan dermawan asal Amerika yang kekayaanya pada tahun 2013 masuk sebagai orang ke-4 terkaya di dunia. Meski dikenal sebagai salah satu introvert yang paling sukses dan pengusaha di dunia, dia masih butuh bimbingan Dale Carnegie untuk mengikuti kursus How to Win Friends and Influence People.

11. Mahatma Gandhi

Dikenal sebagai pemimpin perlawanan tanpa kekerasan, Gandhi pernah berkata, ” Dalam cara yang lembut, Anda dapat mengguncang dunia.” Intinya, dia ingin menunjukkan bahwa seseorang dapat menjadi pemimpin yang efektif dalam sebuah cara yang introvert.

12. Michael Jordan

Dengan julukan His Airness, dia adalah salah satu pemain basket terbesar sepanjang masa. Dia juga menjadi salah satu atlet yang introvert terbesar sepanjang waktu.

13. Elon Musk

Pendiri PayPal, Ruang X, dan Tesla ini cukup terbuka tentang bagaimana ia berubah dari ” insinyur tertutup” menjadi Steve Jobs berikutnya.

14. Dr. Seuss

Bisa dibilang salah satu penulis buku anak-anak terbesar di dunia sepanjang masa. Dan menurut Susan Cain, Dr. Seuss ” takut bertemu anak-anak yang membaca buku-bukunya karena dia takut mereka akan kecewa melihat dirinya yang pendiam.”

15. Steve Wozniak

Salah satu pendiri Apple ini menggambarkan proses kreatif dalam bukunya iWoz sebagai berikut: ” Aku akan memberikan beberapa saran yang mungkin sulit untuk diterima. Saran yang berbunyi: Bekerja sendiri. Bukan sebagai kelompok. Bukan sebagai tim.”(*)

Sumber: Dream.co.id

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Although mesothelioma, also known as asbestos cancer, is a rare disease, it is one of the most lethal forms of cancer ever diagnosed. Additionally, it’s one of the most difficult types of cancer to detect because of its long period of dormancy: a mesothelioma patient can live between 20 to 50 years before the first symptoms show up. When a patient does become symptomatic, doctors often lose precious treatment time because mesothelioma warning signs mimic symptoms of common respiratory ailments. In addition, it is also an aggressive type of cancer that can spread quickly from the affected body areas to other organs. These factors, when combined with the demographics of who is more susceptible to the disease, make mesothelioma especially deadly. If you or a loved one suffer from mesothelioma, asbestos-related lung cancer, or asbestosis, you may qualify for substantial compensation. Currently, there is over $30 billion in asbestos trust funds, awaiting those who’ve been diagnosed with an asbestos illness. We invite you to fill out our form today for a free Financial Compensation Packet, filled with information about top mesothelioma lawyers in your area, how to get paid in 90 days, how to file an asbestos trust fund claim, and much more. Statistics According to a 2009 report by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 18,068 patients diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma died between 1999 and 2005. Though year-to-year figures may vary, the annual death rate of mesothelioma patients is an average of 14 per every million. When compared, this is still a small percentage of the entire population. Yet, its particular lethality and relative rarity make mesothelioma a disease with extremely low survival rates. Although survival rates in mesothelioma patients depend on a wide range of factors, a patient can expect an post-diagnosis survival time of between four months to a year and a half. Keep in mind, however, that there are always exceptions to this rule and each patient should talk to their physician about their own personal health and expectations. Generally, how long a patient lives after mesothelioma has been diagnosed depends on an array of variables such as age, gender, race, and overall health. For instance, if a patient is a male between 25 and 34 years of age and in good physical condition with no preexisting conditions, his chances of surviving longer than 18 months are promising. Patients such as these benefit from early detection and surgical treatment of the disease. Keep in mind, however, that this age group is one of the least affected by asbestos-related cancer. The average survival rates for older patients is bleaker. According to the American Cancer Society (ACC), even though 5-10% of patients diagnosed with mesothelioma can live for five years or more after the initial diagnosis, these individuals are usually young with cancers that can be surgically treated. Since the average mesothelioma patient tends to be a white male aged 60-70 who was heavily exposed to asbestos during his active work years, the cancer is already well-developed and can’t be treated with surgery. Older patients also may have debilitating health issues, such as cardiopulmonary diseases and hypertension, which help to reduce their lifespans. Patients in these two age brackets (65-74 and 75-84) have the highest death totals. From the years 1999 through 2005, 12,150 out of the 18,068 recorded mesothelioma deaths were happened to victims ages 65 through 84. Survival Rate Facts to Consider Generally speaking, it is typically difficult, if not impossible, to predict accurate life expectancy after a patient is diagnosed with mesothelioma. Along with each patient’s case being different from the next, the disease is still considered a new and a unique form of cancer, and averages based on the tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) staging process are still difficult to evaluate at this point. However, studies suggest that a patient’s post-diagnosis life expectancy will depend on a combination of several factors: Latency: Unfortunately, mesothelioma has an extremely long latency period, typically up to 20 to 50 years after exposure. This makes it difficult to get an early detection, therefore, shortening survival rate. The sooner the disease is detected, the higher your life expectancy and survival rate. The Stage of the Disease After Diagnosis: Victims in Stage I or II of the disease have a much better survival rate than those who are diagnosed in later stages. Tumor Removal: Surgery is usually not an option as most cases of mesothelioma are discovered after the disease has advanced to its later stages. However, if the disease is caught early and the tumor can be surgically removed, survival rate is usually prolonged. Age: As aforementioned, age plays a huge role. The younger the patient, the better chance they have in surviving longer and increasing life expectancy. Yet, although rare, older patients in optimal physical health may has just as good of a chance as younger patients. Area of the Disease: Mesothelioma affects different regions of the body. The majority of mesothelioma cases affect the pleural area of the body, but there are instances in which the abdominal cavity and other body areas will be impacted by the disease. Since pleural mesothelioma is the easiest to treat, victims with this form of mesothelioma have a higher life expectancy. However, victims with epithelial mesothelioma have the highest survival rates of all forms of the disease. Additional Information for Patients to Consider Although the grim facts of survival rates of mesothelioma can be discouraging, keep in mind that the statistics do not reflect everyone’s situation. For example, an Australian victim named Paul Kraus has been living with mesothelioma after being diagnosed in 1997. This is just one of the several instances in which victims have went on to defy the odds and live much longer than the average life expectancy of a mesothelioma victim. Per the ACC, all victims should remember that current statistics are based on patients that have been treated many years ago. As science progresses, the life and expectancy and survival rate may improve for more victims as mesothelioma treatment options advance. Getting Legal Help If you’ve been injured by asbestos, keep in mind that there is a good chance that you’ll qualify for considerable compensation. Don’t forget to fill out our form to get our free Financial Compensation Packet, filled with information on the leading asbestos and mesothelioma attorneys in your area. If you have questions or need additional assistance, contact us at 800-793-4540.

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